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Multidirectional & Powered Wheels for RobotsHistory
In 1921, Czech playwright Karel Capek first coined the term "robot" in his play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots). Robot came from the Czech word for forced labor or serf. The play presented a land where machines brought a great deal of positive attributes to a community, but ended up creating just as many negatives.
A short while later, the term "robotics" was created. This term was coined in 1942 in the short story Runaround by Isaac Isimov. He also published a collection of these short stories in 1950 named I Robot. With his stories about robotics, he also stated 3 laws of robotics, and later added his zero law. The laws are the following:
In 1956, George Devol, an inventor and entrepreneur, met with Joseph Engelberger, an engineer, to talk about Isaac Asimov's writings. From this discussion, they formulated the idea to create a real robot. When they had the plan for their working robot, they developed the manufacturing company Unimation. From there, they acquired the need patents, and created their first robot "Unimate". Their first robot was sold to General Motors to be used on heated die-casting machines. From all of this, Joseph Engelberger was nicknamed the "father of robots".
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